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Intrauterine Devices: Deciding on Contraception

Olive oil, pomegranate pulp, ginger, tobacco juice… Stay on this page. Yes, you are still going to read about intrauterine devices contraception. (It is just a glimpse of a history of how the society has come to the idea of progressive contraception). All the mentioned above components were smeared on or around the vagina by ancient women to protect themselves from undesired pregnancy.

The appearance of the intrauterine devices historically attributed to Arabs. Pebbles inserted into the uterus of camels prevented them from getting pregnant on the long trips across the desert. Mild infection in the uterus produced by the pebbles affected the fertilization and implantation of eggs. From 1909 (when Richard Richter in Germany used a ring from silkworm gut as intrauterine device) till now the UIDs evolved from guts with silver wire to modern ones that can be used by any woman once she has been pregnant once before.

Today intrauterine devices are inserted in woman’s vagina to prevent pregnancy. Those are small flexible devices made of plastic or metal. Long duration and effectivness is what makes them popular. Copper-bearing and progestin-releasing (inert, unmedicated) are most widespread IUDs, the latter being more favored because of absence of hormonal side effects.

The advantages of the method are that it can be used by the lactating women and that IUDs are not abortifacients, and do not put you under the increased risk of the pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, or of subsequent infertility.

There is common belief that intrauterine devices cause heavy bleeding and increase cramps during the periods. The new generation of UIDs has proved that the science has overcome that barrier too. Gynefix, the frameless intrauterine device has been specifically designed to reduce menstrual pain and cramping. Mirena, progestin-releasing IUD also designed with the purpose to decrease bleeding and cramps that is achieved with the hormonal action.

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So you decided to choose this method of contraception. The only thing you have to do now is to visit the doctor who will insert it into the womb, thoroughly examining your uterus before the procedure. Some doctors will choose to give you antibiotics when inserting UID. This will guarantee that no infection risk can threaten your contraception.

15-20 minutes is the time that the procedure of insertion will take – after that you can wear your protective thingy from 3 up to 1o years. Taking the UID out is easies than insertion – pulling the threads removes the device from the uterus. After 3-6 weeks after UID is put in check it with your doctor or nurse, just to make sure all is fine.

And if you decide to take the UID out and is still not ready to become a mom, use an extra contraceptive method for seven days before the IUD is taken out. It will guarantee that no sperm, that can live up to 7 days, can cause the pregnancy.

Diana L.

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